The term derivative indicates that it derives its value from some underlying assets thatmeans, it has no independent values. Underlying assets can be securities, stock market assets, commodities, bullion currency or anything else. In the security market, there are different types of contracts. Some of the contracts are future contracts, forward contracts, option contracts and swap contracts.
- Future contract:
Selling and buying of financial products at a predetermined price in future. The predetermined price is also called as the strike price. Future contracts are standardized contracts. Futures are traded on an organized stock exchange. In future contracts clearing house guarantees exchange.
- Forward contracts:
These are similar to future contracts. Forwards are traded in an unorganized stock exchange. Participants of the forward market are banks, arbitragers, traders, speculators, governments, and hedgers. The risk of default is observed in forward contracts if a party defaults. Forward contracts are an informal arrangement. Self-regulation prevails in forward contracts.
- Option contracts:
Options contracts give the holder the right to buy or sell a certain quantity of financial commodities at a fixed price on or before the expiry of the option date. Option contracts are of two types, first is the ‘call option’ and the second is the ‘put option.’
In ‘call option’ the buyer has the right to purchase an asset against another at a stated price, on or before a stated date. The buyer has the right, but not the obligation.
In ‘put option’ the buyer has the right to sell an underlining asset against another at a stated price on or before a stated date. The buyer has the right, but not the obligation.
- Swap contracts:
Swap contracts can be understood as a simultaneous sale of forward and purchase of stop contracts or vice versa. Interest rate swaps, currency swaps, are examples of swap contracts. Currency swaps are of two types fixed rate currency swap and cross-currency interest rate swaps. In fixed rate currency swap parties agree to exchange streams of interest payments. For cross currency interest rate swaps currencies are different, and interest rates are different.
In short derivatives are an instrument to hedge risk in the financial market. If you are looking out for more details on derivatives, then you must take up a course for it. One can go for the online derivatives course that is available with many centres. This course covers an introduction to the over the counter (OTC) products and trade exchange, how it functions and how it is made use of, issues involved in the operation and so on. Derivatives training courses are usually in a workshop format. They include a combination of case study and presentation material. There is a particular staff for which the course is designed for.
Many choices for the training of this derivative courses are available online with many different offers. Selecting the right one is very important as there is a lot of competition in the market due to the increase in the interest of the stock market.