Bariatric surgery helps persons suffering from extreme obesity to lose weight. It is a serious option when you cannot lose weight through exercise and diet and suffer from health problems which are the result of obesity.
There are various kinds of weight loss surgery(bariatric surgery). They work by reducing the limit of food you can consume. Some types also impact the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. Most have risks of side effects like blood clots, hernias and infections.
Many patients lose a lot of weight and gain some after this surgery. You can keep away most re-gain of weight if you follow professional recommendations about exercise and diet. You will also require follow up session with the doctor for the remainder of your life.
It is defined as the condition of having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI is a measure of your weight in relation to height. A BMI of 30 to 35 is termed as Class 1 obesity, one of 35 to 40 as class 2 obesity and one of 40 or more as Class 3 obesity. BMI of classes 2 and 3 are termed as severe obesity untreatable by diet and exercise.
What Is Bariatric Surgery?
It is a surgery which helps in weight loss by altering the digestive system. Certain kinds of surgery make the stomach smaller causing you to feel full of little food consumption. Other types alter the small intestine and affect the absorption of nutrients and calories from beverages and foods.
This surgery is a serious option when you suffer from severe obesity and other modes of treatment like balanced diet and lifestyle changes have failed. It is alsorecommended when you have serious obesity related complications like Type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, etc.
Does it work?
Patients have been found to reduce 15 to 30% of their weight on an average. It is usually based on the type of surgery. But in some cases, results expected may not happen. Some may even regain some weight.
This surgery cannot be an alternative for healthy habits. But it can make it easy to consume less calories and become more physically active. A healthy diet can help in loss of weight. Following lifestyle changes like stopping smoking and doing regular exercise will help in losing weight.
What to expect before surgery
Prior to surgery, you have to meet with health care team like bariatric surgeon, psychologist, dietitian and anaesthetist.
- Doctor will review medical history, conduct a physical exam and recommend blood tests. If you smoke she will ask you to stop at least 6 weeks prior to surgery.
- The surgeon will advise you about the surgery, how you can prepare for it and how to recover.
- Dietitian will advise you on what you should eat and what future changes in the diet you need.
- The psychologist will assess whether you are ready for surgery.
After surgery, you need to take rest for recovering. You need to consume supplements like vitamins and minerals prescribed by the doctor. Start moving around the home which will aid in recovering faster. Begin on liquid diet and switch to soft diet before resuming normal diet. Types of bariatric surgery include gastric band surgery, weight loss surgery sleeve, gastric bypass surgery and duodenal switch surgery.